ASSESSING THE QUALITY OF YOUTUBE VIDEOS ON UTERINE FIBROIDS: A COMPREHENSIVE ANALYSIS OF INFORMATION ACCURACY AND RELIABILITY
YouTube has emerged as a popular platform for accessing health information, but studies have shown that videos on the platform often contain misleading and inaccurate content regarding medical conditions and procedures. This study aimed to evaluate the quality and reliability of YouTube videos related to uterine fibroids. Materials and Methods: A search was conducted using the keywords "uterine fibroid" and "fibroid," and the first 200 videos for each keyword were analyzed. Various factors such as video source, upload date, duration, views, likes, and dislikes were recorded. Video popularity was assessed using the video power index (VPI) and view ratio, while educational quality was evaluated using the DISCERN and Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) scores.
Results: Out of the 400 identified videos, 174 were included in the analysis. The average video duration was 7.4 minutes, with an average of 136,420 views. Videos uploaded by physicians had significantly higher DISCERN and JAMA scores (p < 0.001). Although physicians constituted the main source of videos (42%), patient and commercial website uploads were more popular according to VPI and view ratios. There were negative correlations between the number of likes, view ratios, VPI, and quality scores. Additionally, longer videos had lower VPI scores and higher DISCERN and JAMA scores. Animated videos displayed significantly lower quality scores (p < 0.05), but had higher VPI scores (p < 0.01). Conclusion: In conclusion, the information on uterine fibroids available on YouTube was of low quality and unreliability. While videos uploaded by physicians generally had higher quality scores, users preferred low quality videos from patients and commercial websites. The findings suggest that physicians should aim to create short, comprehensive animated videos with limited technical information to provide accurate and reliable information to the general population, catering to the preferences of YouTube users.
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