CLINICO-PATHOLOGICAL PROFILE AND SURGICAL MANAGEMENT OF SKIN CANCERS IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN KASHMIR, INDIA: A PROSPECTIVE STUDY

  • Tahir Saleem Khan Govt Medical College Srinagar, Kashmir.
  • Mushtaq Ahmed Mir Govt Medical College Srinagar, Kashmir.
  • Salma Ahmed Manzoor Govt Medical College Srinagar, Kashmir.
  • Bashir Ahmed Bhat Superspeciality Hospital , Govt Medical College Srinagar, Kashmir, India.
  • Asma Mushtaq Mir
Keywords: Erythema-ab-agnae, Kangri, Squamous cell carcinoma, Basal cell carcinoma.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Skin cancers are very common cancers, accounting for nearly 40% of all malignancies, moreover, basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and malignant melanomas form 95% of all skin malignancies. This was a prospective study done for assessing the clinicopathological profile, risk factors and surgical management of skin cancers. METHODS: The study sample comprised 70 patients admitted in the Department of Surgery and allied Specialties, GMC, Srinagar from June 2017 to May 2022. RESULTS: A total of 1780 patients with different malignancies were admitted in which 70 patients (3.93%) were skin cancers. 42 patients were males and 28 patients were females. Mean age of presentation was 60 years. 80% of patients were farmers and laborers. SCC was the most common malignancy (57.14%). Ulcer with discharge was the most common presentation. Medial side of thigh was commonest site affected. Most common risk factor was prolonged exposure to sunlight followed by erythema ab igne. Most common surgical management used was wide local excision (WLE) with skin grafting in 44.28% patients. Recurrence was seen in 1 patient and 2 patients died. CONCLUSION: Skin cancers are increasing in their incidence with more occurrence in males and age above 60 years. These cancers occur commonly on exposed areas however Erythema ab igne over non exposed areas due to Kangri use was found as an independent risk factor in our study.

Author Biographies

Mushtaq Ahmed Mir, Govt Medical College Srinagar, Kashmir.

Working as Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeon.

Associate Professor, Postgraduate Department of Surgery, Govt Medical College and Associated Hospitals, Srinagar Kashmir, India.

Salma Ahmed Manzoor, Govt Medical College Srinagar, Kashmir.

Senior Resident, Postgraduate, Department of Surgery, Govt Medical College Srinagar, Kashmir, India

Bashir Ahmed Bhat, Superspeciality Hospital , Govt Medical College Srinagar, Kashmir, India.

Senior Resident, Department Of Plastic, Reconstructive Surgery and Burns, Superspeciality Hospital , Govt Medical College Srinagar, Kashmir, India.

Asma Mushtaq Mir

Junior Resident, Superspeciality Hospital , Govt Medical College Srinagar, Kashmir India.

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Published
2023-07-05
How to Cite
[1]
T. Khan, M. Mir, S. Manzoor, B. Bhat, and A. Mir, “CLINICO-PATHOLOGICAL PROFILE AND SURGICAL MANAGEMENT OF SKIN CANCERS IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN KASHMIR, INDIA: A PROSPECTIVE STUDY”, JSS, vol. 10, no. 1, Jul. 2023.