SURGEON AND THE MACHINE – ROBOTS IN SURGERY
The use of tools and machines in the field of medicine is very old, although the use of robots dates
back to several decades. The purpose of using machinery and robots in the industry is to reduce
production costs in the industry. Unlike machines, robots are energy-driven mechanical systems
designed to perform learned operations and movements in a much safer faster and more economical
way. In the medical sector, robots used outside operations are used to automate certain tasks. But
the surgical robots are controlled by the surgeons and used to facilitate the surgeons' work. In other
words, they do not move except for the surgeon’s control and do not perform an automated procedure
and they do not have artificial intelligence now. In this context, it is more appropriate to use the term
robotic-assisted surgical equipment, robot-assisted minimally invasive surgery or roboticallyassisted surgical devices rather than using the word “robot”. In short, robots used in surgeries are
machines designed to perform more complex, thinner, more precise tasks. In this review, we will be
evaluating the robot, the different medical assistants and robotic surgery, the da Vinci robot, and the
differences between the open surgery, laparoscopic surgery, and robot-assisted surgery.
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