HEPATIC HYDATID CYST RUPTURED INTRABILIARY IN A 28-YEAR-OLD HIV POSITIVE PATIENT
Echinococcosis is an endemic disease in countries from the Mediterranean area, Eastern Europe, the Middle and the Far East, Australia, South America and Eastern Africa. However, it has a worldwide distribution because the dog, a definitive host, is a ubiquitous animal. Another important factor that led to a worldwide spread of the disease is population migration, as the number of cases in non-endemic regions has been increasing. We present the case of a 28-year-old HIV positive patient suffering from a liver hydatid cyst that had ruptured inside the biliary pathways. US and CT were the imaging tools used to establish a preoperatory diagnosis and the main therapeutic approach was neutralizing the parasite using 90 degrees alcohol, Lagot deroofing, contents’ evacuation through open surgery and appropriate drainage afterward. ERCP was very useful in unblocking the main biliary pathways after the surgery as well as installing a stent to ensure its further permeability.
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