DIAGNOSIS AND MANAGEMENT OF PANCREATIC MUCINOUS CYSTADENOMA

Lidia Ladea1, AndreeaNicoleta Costache1, F. C. Blăjuț 2, V. Tomulescu 1,2

1The University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Carol Davila”, Bucharest, Romania
2Departemt of Surgery and Liver Transplatation,Fundeni Clinical Institute, Bucharest, Romania


Corresponding author: Lidia Ladea
Phone no.0040752137777
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Abstract

Pancreatic mucinous cystadenomas (MCAs) are considered to be benign tumors with a high risk of malignant progression. The pancreatic mucinous cystadenoma is considered to be a rare condition that may lead to pancreatic cancer when not surgically resected. MCAs represent 9.7% of all neoplastic pancreatic cysts. The male:female ratio of MCAs is 1:10. The condition appears mostly in women, mean age in the 5th decade. The cyst is restricted by a fibrous capsule of variable consistency and has usually no communication with the pancreatic ductal system. The MCAs are located mostly in the body or tail of the pancreas. The MCAs located in the head of the pancreas are more likely to be malignant. Complete surgical resection is the recommended therapeutic option. We present a case of a 59-year-old female patient admitted in the Departemt of Surgery and Liver Transplatation of Fundeni Clinical Institute for recurrent episodes of acute pancreatitis. After a thorough investigation was performed, the CT-examination showed a pancreatic mass, located in the tail, measuring 30/40mm. Because the CT aspect was specific for a cystic-like lesion, surgery was recommended. The patient underwent a laparoscopic caudal splenopancreatectomy with a favorable postoperative evolution. The particularity of the case comes from the patient’s clinical presentation, with recurrent acute pancreatitis and the imagistic aspect (ultrasound and CT) that initially suggested a pseudocystic-like lesion, but the elevated CA 15-3 and further elaborated examinations indicated a possible malignant lesion.

Keywords: pancreas, mucinous cystadenoma, MCA

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